Ask any server administrator to identify the biggest difference between Linux and Windows, and the first thing they’ll mention is stability. Linux servers are sometimes considered more secure than Windows servers. They rarely need to be rebooted and most configuration changes can be accomplished without a restart. Windows servers, on the other hand, can get especially unstable when tasked with running multiple database, web, and file servers. When you start adding separate applications and lots of scheduled tasks, the problems tend to get worse. While a significant amount of work has gone into alleviating these issues, it is still a problem with which server administrators wrestle. If you anticipate your solution will be called upon to have near 100% uptime, going with a Linux server will likely be your best bet.
Linux takes the cake when it comes to security, as well. You may have noticed the recent BitLocker hacks being perpetrated worldwide. Nearly all of these attacks target Windowsmachines. The domination of the desktop market has made Windows machines a prime target for hackers. Linux also benefits from being a Unix-based operating system. The rights management features found in Unix have proven to be a great strength for Linux servers. These features silo off access to the operating system kernel and allow only administrators (root users) to modify certain directories and applications. The root user also has unlimited visibility to the files on a server, significantly reducing the problem of obfuscation through hidden files so often encountered by anyone fighting malware on a Windows machine.
It should be said that the learning curve for managing a Linux server is undeniably steeper. If you have the time or background, this won’t be a problem. Those with other responsibilities outside of IT and development might find configuring and managing such an environment a daunting task. Many Windows options can be found through a user interface and the standardization of the software allows a beginner to find many answers to their problems online. If you are looking for simplicity, Windows is the way to go.
Ultimately, the biggest question you must ask yourself is, “What type of software will I be running?” Are you going to be running an Exchange server or a Sharepoint site? If so, you’d better go with a Windows server. Do you love being able to install your favorite CMS, such as WordPress or Joomla, through cPanel? For that, you’d be correct to choose Linux. We’ve gone over some of the basic factors that you should consider when deciding between Linux and Windows hosting.
That’s it !!